Thanks for reaching out to me. For example, if you were watering weekly during the summer, water every 10 days in winter. This article unlocks effective watering techniques. Because it is so well-draining, when using bark, water copiously when watering, then allow the water to drain. Where can I get other orchids from? This is a well-draining potting mix that allows you to give the orchid a good soaking but does not retain a lot of moisture. no soy capaz de solucionar este problema, no creo que sea un problema de regado ni de abono, riego por inmersión cunado el sustrato está prácticamente seco, y abono cada 15 días con un mínimo abono 20 20 20. Best, I thinks it just depends on your preference. Photo: antealtares, To water your orchid, remove the grow pot from the cachepot and set it to soak for 10, 20, 30 minutes, even an hour, in a sink or bucket of tepid water. I was given 2 phals. In this FREE EMAIL SERIES you'll learn how to grow healthy, flowering orchids. When watering, let your orchids be your guide, not your own timetable and your orchids will flourish. Do you know what kind of orchid you have been gifted? How Often Should I Water My Phalaenopsis Orchid? These orchids don’t like having their roots disturbed and shouldn’t be repotted any more than every two years. Anna, Thanks Anna for all the info. This is going to sound really strange, but when I pot kokedama style I wrap the roots around a wiffle ball, then I loosely wrap sphagnum moss around the roots. Orchids growing in their natural habitat are watered with pure rainwater, which contains very little minerals and salts. Orchids are beautiful, delicate flowers that come in array of colors, shapes, and sizes. Here is a link to an article that covers basic orchid care. This article tells how to grow keikis, but also what to do with them. Do you have any advice how to stop orhids to rot from the stem? You wouldn’t be reading this if you didn’t love your orchids. If possible, keep your eye on the orchid roots to indicate if they need water. If you find that the faucet is too messy, use a narrow spouted watering can, to avoid the water-sensitive crown. Anna. Can you please let me know? If you can’t easily remove the orchids from the shell, just add about 1/4 cup of water to each orchid – being careful to keep the water away from the stem. Mary, Anna, I have a stem that is growing with leaves and roots at the top of my plant where the flowers bloomed at one time what can I do should I just let it grow or how can I cut it thank for some of the tips I have read, Sounds like you have a keiki growing. Just keep in mind what Oncidiums need: , most Bulbophyllum, and most Coelogynes. Honestly, more than 2 years growing in the same potting media is a long time. Can I cut off leaves that look pretty dead? What do I do about black spots on some leaves? The right potting mix is one of the most important parts to growing happy orchids. Your arrangement sounds beautiful! Look at your orchid’s roots to determine if you are more prone to over or under watering. Anna. Soak the top of the pot again. Here is a super helpful article that will help you care for your phalaenopsis orchids: While some orchids such as Cattleyas and Dendrobiums like to dry out between watering, others such as Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilums like to remain, is an elusive term. Proper watering is key to maintaining a healthy and happy orchid plant, so I’m here to offer up some advice on how to water a Phalaenopsis orchid. Most dissolved solids are some form of salt. You will also need a pump to get the water out of the container and into a water pitcher. Nancy, or can it be just clear platic pot alone? To water your orchid from below, set the orchid in a water-filled pot. No matter which way you water–from below or above–if you pot in bark be sure that when you water, water copiously. If your orchids are potted kokedama style, with a wiffle ball, as mentioned above, you can soak the kokedama in a bowl of water. MY PROBLEM ORCHID HAS 13 UPRIGHT AND STIFF LEAVES AND LOTS OF AERIAL ROOTS, YET IT SHOWS NO SIGNS OF NEW LIFE. The roots will be bright green when wet with green or magenta tips. If the roots are soggy and limp, the orchid has been overwatered. Yours, Lindie, Good luck with those aerial roots! Your site, even the comments from your readers provides so much information. I’ve had a lot of success growing Phalaneopsis orchids kokedama style wrapped in moss with a wiffle ball center. There is no drainage & I’m wondering how long I can enjoy them in there? If this is the case continue to water normally. Watch the new leaves, if you are watering properly, the new leaves will come in firm and upright. If your orchid has gone bone dry, you may need to soak it for 10 minutes but one more time, makes sure all water drains out. You won’t need to do your weekly watering of 3 ice cubes when you’ve done this. Seems to be a pretty healthy plant except that there is some root rot at the bottom of the cup (slimy, brownish roots). Here is an Amazon link to purchase wool rock. ~Anna. Thank you very much for all information about orchids. Several minutes later the, The right potting mix is one of the most important parts to growing happy orchids. Because RO water is so pure minerals, fertilizer, needs to be added back into the water. The rest are Phalaenopsis. Send me a picture of your other orchid and I will see if I can identify it. Orchids are ill-suited for anything less. Even if watering from above using a faucet isn’t your primary means of watering, it is good to use this method at least monthly to flush the salts. I flush them in water and let them drain. You can send me a photo of your orchid leaves at [email protected] Phew! By the way, my husband grew up in Southeastern Wyoming. Once the water stops dripping from the bottom of the pot, it can be returned to its location. Water less frequently during the winter and more often during the summer. The amount of water you give an orchid depends a lot on the potting medium. If it feels light, water it. Fir bark is the most universally used potting medium for orchids and many orchid varieties love this mix. If your orchid is evergreen it may still benefit from a reduction in water during the winter months. Over watered roots are limp and brown. Here is a link to an article on potting orchids: I wish you the best in caring for your orchid! South-facing windows can provide good light for orchids. To slowly wake up a dormant orchid, give it a good soaking around Valentine’s Day and then let it dry out again over the next several weeks. To water orchids potted in bark, another method is to water from above by watering your orchids from the faucet. That will allow the roots to absorb the moisture they need. Gracias por su ayuda y cordiales saludos, Let me know if you have anymore questions. I always shied away from them thinking they were too finicky for me. In the case of orchids, this would be orchid fertilizer or medicine for various ailments. I couldn’t have asked for a kinder compliment! To water, wait until the ball feels almost hard, and then set the kokedama in a bowl of water. Thank you! They were brown silvery and slimy (looked the same with first repotting) so I repotted again in the fir bark. If there is a hole in the bottom poke your finger through and feel for any dampness. for your 10 Tips to Properly Water Orchids. Congratulations on your orchids! The best time to repot a moth orchid is right after it is done flowering and you cut the bloom spike off. Otherwise, for orchids without water storage, without pseudobulbs, keep the potting mix barely damp. Mariet, There was not an inner plastic pot with drainage either. Anna, Thanks for the information it easy to understand and very thorough! Repeat that process one more time … Do I just keep the bottom of the glass jar moist at all time? Thank you so much for your kind words. Sphagnum moss soaks up and retains moisture, so orchids potted in this medium need less water, less frequently. Thank you for your thoughtful questions! I am guessing that your orchid is a phalaenopsis – the kind most commonly sold at grocery stores. I was happy to find your easy to understand message, and your tips on watering also. Before watering your orchid, check the moisture content in the pot. I use and recommend Bonsai Jack’s Universal Potting Mix. The easiest way to test pH is to buy litmus strips or water quality meters. It was great to hear from you. I am guessing these tendrils are keikis – plantlets that are exact clones of the mother plant. I have 7 very healthy orchids. The amount of water you give an orchid depends a lot on the potting medium. One of the nursing staff purchased it for him to give me. Water temperature: For me, it’s tepid, room temperature water all the way. The second solution is an investment you may want to consider if you are unable to collect rainwater and grow a large selection of orchids. I have several orchids that are doing well. Check out these two posts: Limp Leaves and Temperature and Air Circulation. The next step is to compare your reality, your tap, well, or spring water with ideal, or even tolerable, TDS, and pH levels for growing orchids. To water orchids potted in bark, another method is to water from above by watering your orchids from the faucet. Also, light and temperature are key factors in re-blooming. I cut the stem right down to the bottom because it all went shrivelled and I read somewhere that you can cut it down and it’ll be fine. My friend gave me an orchid that she bought from the grocery store. Besides, freezing temperatures, in the form of ice cubes, are not orchid-friendly. your information is Priceless! Ciao!! Best, If the orchids tend to dry out too quickly, you have a couple of options. Since it sounds like the crown was already in progress before you purchased the orchid, you could see if you can exchange your orchid at the store where it was purchased. Anna. Anna. I will insert a link on how to pot orchids semi-hydroponically since the methods are similar. Don’t be surprised if it takes a while to get it right, but don’t give up. It doesn't hurt every so often to put the plant in the kitchen sink and really soak it down. Sphagnum moss is absorbent – very absorbent. Reverse Osmosis is simply a water filtration system where water is forced through filters leaving the dissolved solids behind and the pure water passes into a collection tank. I suggest reaching out to your local orchid society to find out which types of orchids people successfully grow in your climate. Some orchids just have a hard time acclimating. This insures complete water evaporation on the foliage as well as the crown by nightfall. Here is a link to the Desert Valley Orchid Society. Just give it time and a new pseudobulb may begin to grow. Sharon, The leaves will droop and will be leathery and floppy. Or use a little of all 3? This gives the crown time to dry off during the day before nightfall and prevents crown rot. You’re right, ice cubes just don’t work. Ask the seller what the recommended winter care is for that orchid. Resulting in a need for less water. Continue to care for your dendrobium by watering it and allowing it to dry out between watering. Shay, I’m sure I’ll be back to your website many, many times. If your orchids keep dying on you, it's very often due to the fact that the unique needs of these exotic plants have not been met, and that includes root care. The aerial roots happily grow down into the bark or lie on the top. Using the sanitized bonsai shears, snip off and discard any dead roots. If you can keep the orchid at about 55F for about 3 months in the winter (that’s the hardest part), you will help the orchid prepare to bloom in the spring/summer. Here are a couple of ways you can improve the quality water of your tap water. For the soaking method, place the cactus together with the plant pot in a tall bowl or bucket with room temperature water and leave it in it until the substrate is completely soaked. My husband gave me a Phalaenopsis 14 months ago while he was in hospital. Come spring the orchid will wake up and rejuvenate. TIP: Oncidiums especially benefit from being watered from below as these orchids are prone to leaf spotting. Can you tell I’m not sure what to do?? Anna. Every time you water, soak the potting medium thoroughly. Tracy, do not have water storage in the form of pseudobulbs, continue to provide adequate water for these orchids. Do not fill above this point - fill just under the crown of the orchid and leave the orchid to soak After 10-15 minutes remove the … If your home is very warm or has low humidity you will most likely need to water more often. That’s where the ice cube idea came from. Other orchid may need you to cut back on water in the winter. Always water your orchids in the morning. Best, Along with containing low amounts of TDS, rainwater has a pH lower than city water as chlorine is added to most city water. I see how I have underwatered my Oncidium as it has wrinkled pods! … The old leaves will never regain their former turgor. Anna. Over time, as the bark begins to break down it becomes more absorbent. Imagine how a tropical rainstorm would soak an orchid, drenching it for minutes or hours. About fertilizing, if you have a watering can add 1/4 strength fertilizer to the water. It can be tempting to cut down the old pseudobulbs, especially if they lose their leaves and become kind of ugly. After you’ve placed the orchid in the pot with drainage, keep an eye on the potting media. Yes, tilting the pot after watering is another option. In other words, test the water that runs out of your orchid’s drainage hole. While some orchids such as Cattleyas and Dendrobiums like to dry out between watering, others such as Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilums like to remain evenly moist. How to Repot an Orchid. But they have rebloomed and survived. It looks like you took all the precautions you could after discovering the crown rot. Anna. Even though caring for them is easy, many people struggle to keep them alive. The second orchid is the definite phalaenopsis, this one isn’t doing so hot. All three of these potting mixes will allow for air to the roots and are fast-draining. Thank you. Make sure it drains entirely. Then take it out and see if it is wet. You have great tips. If they are too unsightly you can cover them with some preserved moss. Anna. It is essential that the orchid gets good drainage and doesn’t say wet in the middle. I haven’t used cork as a potting mix, though cork slabs are a popular choice for mounting orchids. During winter months, transpiration, or the rate that orchids breathe, slows down. How to water your orchids once a week. Foena, FREE CHEAT SHEET FOR PERFECTLY WATERED ORCHIDS. I would also like to add a word about what it means to allow orchids to dry out between watering. Best, Water condensation on the sides of the pot is a key indicator the orchid is moist. My grocery store are only carrying phalaenopsis. I just had it bought for me . It is in a glass vase, gravil at the bottom and moss around the roots. Anna, I heard that cork is good mixed with Leca. Spray once per month as preventative maintenance. I live in a dry climate and find that my orchids do best with a little wool rock added to the mix. Best of Luck! Test a 1:1 blend and see what your TDS and pH levels are. Sending prayers to you and your husband, To be more specific, bases and acids differ in the amount of free hydrogen and hydroxyl ions that are in the water. Some of the links on this page may be affiliate links. If you just want to keep your orchid alive, the above information is all you really need. You can tell if your orchid requires a dormant period because these orchids are deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves in the fall and grow new leaves in the spring. Thank you for your thoughtful question! This is going to sound really strange, but when I pot kokedama style I wrap the roots around a wiffle ball, then I loosely wrap. 90% OF ITS ROOTS ARE WHITE BUT BRITTLE. Do you think your orchids have a bacterial infection or sun or cold damage? Hi Sherrie, I can’t tell if I’m over watering it or underwatering it, but I made up a fertiliser mix and run that through the pot once a month. You can tell if your orchid requires a dormant period because these orchids are deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves in the fall and grow new leaves in the spring. Best, Personally, I have found that my orchids do well in this mix. But, Sulphates of sodium,calcium, magnesium, potassium, NOTE: As an example, rainwater pH varies across the US between 4.3-and 5.3, much lower than many cities with tap water with pH readings as high as 8 (. There are some orchids that go dormant during the winter months, but those orchid varieties lose their leaves in the winter. Congratulations on 20 years of marriage! i I have shied away from orchids because of the watering problems, but with a site like your Orchid Bliss to follow I want to try them again! When balancing pH, only use a few drops, let it sit for a few hours, then take another reading. And that’s understandable – if you don’t know a plant’s dos-and-don’ts, then how can you keep it alive? I am so glad I found your site! The media that your orchids are potted in will impact the quality of the water. If you decide to use this method and water from below, prevent disease by using the same pot with the same orchid each time you water. 3- The potting mix should be evenly moist Bark prevents this problem. Buy a balanced fertilizer (ex: 10-10-10) and mix the fertilizer with water at half the recommended strength. Do they need to be on a windowsill or will they get enough light, say on an end table in the sitting room that is perhaps 10 feet from the window? Phalaenopsis orchids are the most readily available orchids and tend to be an orchid newbie’s first; however, many of these beauties don’t come with instructions. They have been growing successfully for about 4-5 years. When using this method be sure to use a drain catch for any escaping wood chips. Seeds are soaked in the resulting solution, after 30 minutes they are removed and washed with water. If your home conditions are naturally humid your orchids will only need regular watering. Thank you so very much for all of your good advise. Orchid Bliss LLC also participates in affiliate programs with Bonsai Jack, Awin, Etsy and other sites. I do add bits of wool rock for added moisture retention. This way the orchid roots soak up the needed moisture while keeping the crown, which is prone to rot, dry. Anna. Should I remove these leaves or just be patient? Before using RO water, test it to be sure you have enough dissolved solids that it is safe for your orchids. In most cases limp leaves indicate a watering problem. NOTE: As an example, rainwater pH varies across the US between 4.3-and 5.3, much lower than many cities with tap water with pH readings as high as 8 (See To soak the seeds you will need: 3% peroxide hydrogen – 25 drops; water – 250ml. Using rainwater is the most environmentally conscious choice as there is no waste, as there is in reverse osmosis (described below). I like growing Cymbidiums but they don’t flower every year. In the summer, water thoroughly and regularly. If this is the case, occasionally give the orchid a heavy misting. If the orchid is properly cared for, new leaves will stand up straight and firm. Within 7 days, I water them again. If there is one thing that orchids don’t like, it is to sit in water. I love orch I can never get them to Blom leaves alway turn yellow and fall off what do I do wrong? To master watering orchids, it is essential to water from above with fresh, pure water. Look to the potting medium, the roots growing down in the potting medium, and the leaves as watering indicators. With that one, it wasn’t in great condition when I bought it, the roots had been dyed blue to get blue blooms so I can’t see what actual colour they are, but they look a little shrivelly. When to water your orchids depends on a few factors, but generally, the orchids should be watered just when the potting medium begins to dry out. As a general rule of thumb for most orchids, it’s time to water them when the potting soil is either dry or very close to drying out completely. While neither pot is “good” or “bad” it is good to consider the your climate (arid or humid) and your care-style (do you water often? LECA is a bit more water-absorbent than cork, and will not breakdown or decay. Dear Anna, 1- The potting mix should be free-draining I still watered every week. Anna, I wanted to know is okay if I can put peat moss in the Orchids I have right now or wait until when it’s time to re-pot the orchids? In fact, orchids are potted in tall, narrow pots so that the center of the pot dries quickly. Regularly water orchids that are blooming, growing new roots, or new leaves. Yes continue to water your orchid. pH is a measurement of acids and bases expressed on a range between 14 (most basic) and 0 (most acidic) – 7 being neutral. do you travel a lot?). I have just bought an Orchid in a glass jar, with only the roots (with no soil). Thanks again Great site Frank, Frank, One is a Dendrobium Nobile which I understand can be kept outside until the temperature drops to frost level. I would also like to add a word about what it means to allow orchids to. I would watch for over-watering – as yellow leaves can be an indication of too much water. style with a wiffle ball center, you can soak the, in water and you won’t have to worry about rotting the roots. Hanging out in my kitchen showing you how I water my Phals: Home temperature: I live in a temperate climate & don’t have air conditioning nor do I use a lot of heat. Pot the stem. I open them a bit more during the day so they get more light as I live on a narrow road and the house opposite me blocks the light until early afternoon so I don’t want them to not get enough light. That’s how I started out caring for orchids as well, following the instructions on the care tag. Water your orchid early in the morning.
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